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HENRIETTA STEIN KLOTZ: The Women Behind the Story Series, Blog 1, From the Desk of the Morgenthau Scholar-in-Residence Dr. Abby Gondek

Henrietta Stein Klotz: 2 minutes before closing, 860 volumes & changing the American response to the Holocaust


Who was Henrietta Stein Klotz and why was she important to the American effort to rescue Jews?



Henrietta was the woman who organized and indexed the Morgenthau Diaries, a collection which spans 12 years, 138 cubic feet and includes over 860 volumes. Mrs. Klotz compiled all of Morgenthau’s correspondence, memos, and transcripts of his conversations into bound volumes. Each volume is a book spanning a few days. As soon as I learned this fact (in the first few days of my work at the FDR library), I was determined to find out more about this incredible woman.




Henrietta did not only “organize” (a conclusion often made about women, including in the academic world). She was also what we would now call an “influencer” and directly impacted the stance and actions taken by the FDR administration through her relationship with Henry Morgenthau.


She grew up in a poor Orthodox Jewish hous…

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